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What is an Incinerator?

11/8/2013 8:00:17 AM | by Anonymous


The term incinerate refers to burning something until there is completely nothing left but ashes. An incinerator is a unit or facility typically used to burn trash along with any other types of waste until it is reduced to nothing but ash. Incineration is a waste treatment process involving the combustion of organic substances that are contained in waste materials. It can also be described as a thermal treatment.


The incinerators are constructed with well insulated and heavy materials so that it does not give off extreme amounts of external heat. The high levels of heat are kept inside the unit or furnace so that the waste gets burnt off easily and quickly. This helps in increasing the efficiency of each job. If the heat escapes, the waste within will not burn as well.


The furnace is designed to dispose of trash or waste effectively and appropriately. This helps to eliminate the high cost associated with having it hauled away and deposited somewhere else that piles even more trash atop at existing landfills. Incinerators also help to serve to keep dangerous materials from finding their ways to landfills that have ability to harm people including the people who work at the landfill sites and those operate the incinerators. One other benefit is the fact that the device can produce power in the process of waste burning though only a few is able to do so. Not all are harness that power.


Byproducts of incineration would include smog and air pollution besides power. This is why some people feel that it is a poor alternative as compared to many other types of waste disposal methods. They believe that this is simply a trade off between land wastes for smog. An incinerator can dispose of an incredible amount of solid waste when it is utilized properly. Thus, this proves to many people that it is one of the most efficient waste disposal process available.


Aside from reducing the sheer quantity of solid waste by almost close to 90 percent, it can also be used to manage certain materials that cannot be disposed off properly by dumping them into another location due to issues such as safety and public health. The extreme temperatures produced by this type of furnace can also destroy certain biohazards as well as many other toxic materials that are easily found in waste and other types of hazardous waste. Other waste and harmful materials can also be broken down by the incinerator. These materials can include bio-weapons, contaminants and confiscated drugs. The use of such furnaces as well as other processes whereby waste is disposed of are strictly regulated by the state orders to ensure that it is conducted at all protection towards human health and the environment.


Waste combustion is particularly popular in countries where land is a scarce resource such as Japan. Countries like Sweden and Denmark have also been leaders in using the energy that is generated from incineration for more than a century in localized combined heat and power facilities that supports district heating schemes. A number of other European countries also rely heavily on incineration for handling the municipal waste particularly in Netherlands, France, Germany and Luxembourg.

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