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What are the different types of Fire Proofing Materials?

10/8/2013 4:28:02 PM | by Anonymous

Fire Proofing Materials

Fire Proofing is a type of fire protection measure. It refers to the act of allowing materials to be more resistant to fire outbreaks. This can be done by applying a certification listed fireproofing system to certain structures that will allow them to have a higher fire-resistance rating. The term fire proof does not only refer to an item that cannot burn. It also relates to measured performance under specific conditions of testing and evaluation. Fire proofing does not allow items that are treated to be entirely unaffected by a fire outbreak. This is because conventional materials are not immune to the effects of fire at a sufficient intensity and duration.


There are a huge variety of fire proofing materials used to make clothes, construction materials and many other items. A material may be fire proof due to an infused chemical whereas others are fire proof by nature. Fire proofing materials self extinguished once the source of ignition has been removed. Electricians, refinery workers, maintenance workers, foundry workers, power and electric utility workers typically wears fire proof clothing in the course of their day to day duties. Fire proof materials are designed to resist burning and withstand heat. They are not the same as fire retardant materials that are designed to burn slowly or slowly down the fire rate.


Natural fibers like wools and cotton can also be treated with fire proof chemicals or even fire inhibitors to provide effective fire resistance. Some fire blankets are also made with fiberglass and are most appropriate for smaller household kitchen fires or a small fire that starts from clothing. Nomex is a type of flame resistant meta amid polymer that is related to nylon. It was developed in the 1960s and is used on many types of fire proof clothing.


Deteriorating asbestos is a mineral fiber that is extremely resistant to heat and fire. It used to be widely utilized in all fire proof materials until the mid part of the 20th century. Asbestos is no longer utilized due to the fact that it is a harmful carcinogen. Anything made or contains asbestos should be carefully removed immediately and disposed according to the local hazardous materials laws and regulations.


Nearly 40% of fire victims have been killed in their sleep due to smoke inhalation or fire. There is a high demand for fire proof building materials such as dry wall, paint, roofing materials and exterior siding. There are also many other types of fire proof building materials used on interiors, exteriors, roofs of house such as cast iron, steel, brick, stone, concrete and fire proof wood products. Fire proof materials that are used in construction are all designed to be able to maintain their durability, strength and structural integrity as the temperature rises during a fire outbreak. Some phosphate free, environmentally friendly fire proof wood products are also available for those who want to use a green product.


Fire proof materials used for buildings also include a dry wall whereby non-combustile material and glass fibers have been fused into the core of the gypsum. This prevents the wall board from disintegration and slows down the spread of a fire. Building codes typically have some sort of fire resistant dry wall in the utility, furnace rooms and attached garages of the homes. Apartments and condominium building codes may also require for fire resistant materials to be used in ceilings and walls.


There is also fire proof brands of paint made available. Most of these brands are fire resistant. However, it is always safer to check if a fire proof product carries the Underwriters Laboratories FR-S classification for surface burning characteristics of fire resistant materials.

 

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