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What are Compactors?

10/31/2013 4:11:38 PM | by Anonymous


Compactors are machines used to reduce the size of waste material or soil through compaction. A trash compactor is often used by businesses and homes to reduce volume of trash. Normally, the powered by hydraulics compactors are in many different types of sizes and shapes. For example like in landfill sites, a bulldozer with spiked wheels is called a landfill compactor and is used to drive over waste deposited by waste collection vehicles.


Waste collection vehicles incorporate a compacting mechanism which is used to increase the payload of the vehicle and reduce the number of times it has to be emptied. Usually, this takes the form of hydraulically powered sliding plates which sweep out the collection hopper and compress the material into what has already been loaded.


There are different types of compactors that are used in scrap metal processing and the most familiar being the car crusher. Such devices can be either the “pancake” type where the scrap automobile is flattened by a huge descending hydraulically powered plate. Another type is the baling press where the automobile is compressed with several directions until it resembles a large cube.


There are many services and retail businesses such as restaurants, fast food and hotels. These use compactors to reduce the volume of non-recyclable waste as well as curb nuisance which include smell and rodents and in the hospitality industry, the tolerance for such nuisances is particularly low. These compactors come in hydraulic and electric operation with quite a few loading configurations. The most popular loading configurations are walk-on, ground access and secured indoor chute.


They are almost exclusively of welded steel construction for two reasons such as exposure to the elements and durability under pressure as compactors are installing completely outdoors or sometimes under a covered loading block.


As for the construction, there are three main types of compactors such as the jumping jack, plate compactor and the road roller. The road roller compactor is used for compacting crushed rock as the base layer underneath concrete, slabs or stone foundations.


The plate compactor have a large vibrating base plate and is suited for creating a level grade while the jumping jack compactor has a smaller foot. The jumping jack is mainly used to compact the backfill in narrow trenches for water or gas supply pipes while road rollers can also have vibrating rollers.

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