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8/8/2012 1:29:04 PM | by Anonymous


Ambulances are vehicles used for transporting a person who requires medical attention. The service of an ambulance can be to transport a person in case of an emergency to the nearest hospital or to transfer a sick or injured person between medical care institutions. Routine check-ups for patients who need to be transferred between hospitals can be done using an ambulance. They can also provide basic medical care to an injured person in case of an emergency to ensure that the person is able to cope with the pain or injuries until proper medical care from a hospital or emergency medical service is provided. Most people around the world are familiar with the concept of an ambulance and the services they provide. In most countries, ambulances are given priority on the road as, during an emergency, time is a crucial factor between life and death. The ambulance is able to portray an emergency to vehicles on the road through its use of sirens and emergency lights.


Although the term ambulance is commonly used to refer to road vehicles that transport patients to hospitals in emergency situations, the term can also refer to other modes of transportation that transport patients as well, namely helicopters, boats, motorbikes or hospital ships. The origins of ambulances lie in military, which certainly carry a higher risk of getting injured as compared to civilian life. In the olden times, before modern technology, hospitals were located very close to battlefields and corpsmen were used to carry the wounded to hospitals. In 1700s, a doctor got an idea to use a horse-driven cart to transport the wounded to the hospitals faster. This idea was quickly adapted by the civilian community and thus ambulances were born. The word ambulance originates from a Latin word ambulare, meaning to walk or move about, and in olden times, it also meant a movable ‘hospital’ that followed an army on its movements to provide medical care.


Ambulances that serve simply as a mode of transport for patients between hospitals for check-ups or transfers are called patient transport ambulance. The staffs that manage these vehicles usually have lesser qualifications and knowledge about health care as compared to those in emergency ambulance services, as well as the vehicle not being equipped with life support systems. However this may not be true in all cases as some vehicles may have the added feature even on patient transport ambulances. Most ambulances all over the world are equipped with flashing lights and sirens to overcome traffic and declare an emergency, except for the patient transport ambulance.


Typical emergency ambulances usually have enough room inside for one patient and two attendants with necessary medical equipment and room for the attendants to move about inside. Medical supplies can also be found in order to stabilize a patient in an emergency situation while on the way to a hospital. There are Basic Life Support (BLS) and Advanced Life Support (ALS) features inside most ambulances to sustain a patient.


Typical engines are brightly colored so that they can be spotted easily on the road, along with heavy duty engines that allow them to carry a lot of weight and move at very fast speeds in case of an emergency. Ambulances do not deploy the flash lights and sirens when there is no emergency. However during an emergency, the sirens and lights can be deployed and in some countries, ambulances are exempted from some traffic rules in the case of an emergency. Hospitals, private medical institutions, government institutions or non-profit organizations may operate ambulances. Many ambulance service providers may also adopt rapid response vehicles such as small cars or motorcycles that can reach a location more quickly and respond to emergency situations before the arrival of an ambulance. With the invention of ambulances, many lives have been saved and it certainly is a great invention.

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