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Types of Lumber

5/2/2012 6:20:46 PM | by Anonymous


Lumber is a processed wood prepared for the market. It is typically used in building houses, boats and furniture. It comes in various shapes, thickness and sizes. Lumber is made from several types of wood.


The two types of lumber are hardwood and softwood. Maple, mahogany, oak, walnut, teak, cherry, poplar and rosewood fall under hardwood. On the other hand, the trees where softwood came include redwood, pine, cedar, hemlock, spruce, hickory, beech and fir. One should not be confused by the terms because these types of woods are distinguished botanically and not by hardness and durability.


Hardwood lumbers are deciduous or broad-leaved trees. They are available in various colors, textures and their grain patterns make every hardwood distinct from each other. A furniture made from this lumber are said to be unique, beautiful and one of a kind. They are sold by the board foot except for red oak and poplar which can be bought with softwood at home center and lumberyards. Hardwood is less likely to absorb moisture. This wood is expensive because it is hard to find and nearly extinct.


Softwood lumber came from evergreen or cone-bearing trees. They are typically sold in standard width and thickness and most commonly used for home construction. They grow fast and straight which made them constantly available and less expensive than hardwood. Using softwood also means that you are not contributing to the deforestation of the world. The disadvantage of softwood is it easily loses moisture compared to the other type of lumber.


The type of lumber to use would depend on what function you want to take advantage. You can select a wood according to durability, aesthetic, hardness, cost, availability, length, width, thickness or other functional or personal reasons. Many choose to use lumber in construction because they are easier to install and less expensive compared to other building materials.

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