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Types of Fire Protection Systems

10/1/2013 11:55:34 AM | by Anonymous

Fire Protection System

Fires can be a very scary and dangerous thing. Many people install fire protection systems to ensure that their house, workplace or any building in particular is kept safe from fires. Fire protection is when people study the harmful effects of fires and implement methods or fire protection systems to protect themselves from the fires. This also includes the researching, developing, testing, producing and applying fire protection systems. In fire protection, there are also some rules and regulations that a building or facility has to meet in order for it to be deemed safe from fires. These rules are known as the fire code. Constant inspections of buildings have to be made by the maintenance staff as well.


There are some goals of fire protection. One of them is to ensure that operations are still able to continue, such as emergency services. The next goal would be to protect the property, even though most buildings are covered by fire insurance, it is still better to prevent the building from getting damaged in the first place. The last goal is to ensure the safety and lives of the people who are in the building.


Two basic types of fire protection systems


There are two basic categories of fire protection systems. They are the passive fire protection system and the active fire protection system.


Passive fire protection systems


The passive fire protection systems tries to slow or contain fires by using fire resistant materials applied to walls, doors or floors of the building. Unlike active fire protection systems, there is no mechanism involved when a fire occurs. This makes passive fire protections a cheaper and simpler method to implement. However, the biggest disadvantage of a passive fire protection system is that it is unable to extinguish the fire.


One good example is fire walls. The fire walls are built with special materials that give the walls special fire resistant properties. These walls are also built in a way that if one side of the building collapses, it will not affect the rest of the building. In some fire walls, fire resistant glass is also embedded in them to provide additional fire resistant properties. Fire resistant glass can also be used to make windows.

Some methods also include separators, which separate areas so if a fire were to break out in a certain area then these separators would contain the fire within that area. In other cases, special fire proofing materials is applied on the existing equipment or infrastructure. One example would be spray proofing, where by endothermic paints and fibrous plasters are sprayed on to keep electrical and mechanical components and steel structures in an operational state even if a fire were to occur. Similar to spray fire proofing, fire proofing cladding is another method used to protect the building components. However, instead of using paint and plasters, fire proofing cladding uses materials such as calcium silicate and vermiculite. These materials may be more effective in preventing the fires from spreading, but they are quite unpleasant to look at.


Active fire protection systems


Active fire protection systems on the other hand, require some sort of motion detection and response mechanism to work. Active fire protections are able to extinguish the fire, making the environment safer. They are also able to prevent the fire from causing even more damage.


An example of an active fire protection system is fire suppression, which primarily aims to extinguish the fire completely. Such systems include the sprinkler system which sprays water over a large area when smoke is detected. Sprinkler systems are usually connected to a water source. They are usually installed in areas that have a high risk of fire.


Another type of system that aims to stop the fire would be hypoxic air fire prevention systems. As we know that combustion requires a great amount of oxygen, hypoxic air prevention system aims to reduce the oxygen levels so that the fire is unable to spread of ignite in the first place. This is even more useful than fire suppression systems as the fire can be prevented.


Thus, it is important to take safety measures to ensure that fires are either controlled or eliminated. Thanks to the advanced fire protection systems, our buildings are much safer.

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