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Types of Carpets

6/27/2012 4:28:00 PM | by Anonymous


Carpets are a type of textile used to cover the floor for purposes such as decorative, covering unsightly flooring, providing a better feel to the ground etc. The upper layer facing up is referred to as the pile and the back layer which the pile is attached to is called the backing. The backing gives the carpet its shape and ensures the pile stays in place. The pile can be soft or hard, depending on preference and the use of the carpet for which it is intended to. Usually the pile is made from wool or manmade materials such as polypropylene and nylon. The pile usually consists of twisted tuffs that are treated with heat to ensure that the carpet and the pile maintain their structure.

Carpets get their name from the Italian word “carpire” which means to pluck. In some countries, the word carpet can be often used interchangeably with the term rug. Although not all countries or regions would have the same definition for these two words as well as the application for both would be different in some countries, some still tend to use both interchangeably. In Singapore a rug is often referred to a small fabric material that is used mostly for cleaning purposes such as wiping tables, windows etc. on the other hand, carpet refers to a textile that is placed on the floor either in the living room or outside toilets as door mats. Today, there are many different types of carpets in the world that serve different functions. They can come in a variety of sizes, colours and textures.



These carpets are produced on a loom that is similar to regular woven cloth. The pile in these carpets can be plush or berber. Plush refers to the pole being cut and berber refers to the pile being loop. Both these styles can also be merged when manufacturing a carpet and this form of carpeting is called cut and loop carpeting. Woven carets can make use of several different coloured yarns that produce intricate patterns. However, there may be some limitations on the designs offered depending on the weaving method being used to make the carpet. These carpets require a lot of time and effort in manufacture but they offer supreme quality and performance which makes them one of the most expensive types of carpets.



These carpets offer extremely high durability due to their method of manufacture which is through the electrostatic attraction of individual fibers by using barbed and forked needles. These carpets are usually found in areas that would face high amounts of traffic such as hotels, offices etc.


Fiber Bonded

As the name would suggest, these types of carpets are made by literally sticking fibers to the backing of a carpet. These fibers can be individual or formed into a web by pulling and pushing. Most of such carpets also make use of bitumen as a backing and are mostly used in places that have high human traffic.



The manufacture of these carpets is rather different from most of the other carpets. They also form the bulk of carpets used for domestic purposes such as floor covering in the world. The pile is injected onto the backing material which is then bonded with another secondary backing material to provide the carpet with stability and strength. This ensures that the carpet would not fall apart when exposed to forces.



There are several other types of carpets present in the world along with these that have different manufacturing methods and serve different functions, be it decoration or other purposes.

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