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Overview of Processes in Foundries

8/22/2013 4:55:16 PM | by Anonymous


Foundries are places or facilities where metals are created. The metals are shaped by melting them and pouring into molds. The profession involved in designing new foundries is referred to as Foundry engineering. Engineers devise a structure suitable for different heating applications that can hold very high temperatures. They also work on repairing old foundries and improving them to be more efficient so they can catch up with the developments in the field of foundry. Foundry engineers will look out for the changes happening in the industry, study and apply these developments when applicable to specific foundries they are working on hoping to increase efficiency and reduce cost in the production process.


Foundry comprises of a complex process which requires a skillful man to work on it. The procedure that takes in a foundry is called die-casting. Die-casting or also best described as metal casting involves molting of various types of metals. Different metals require dissimilar amount of hear in order to melt. Different furnaces also generate different levels of heat which means each metal has a designated furnace in every foundry. No two or more metal can use the same furnace and can be melted at the same time which is why foundries usually specialize in single type of metal. The die casting machines can generally categorized as hot chamber and cold chamber machines. Their application depends on the types of metal to melt and the sum of heat it will require. However, all foundries hold the same feature which is having large furnaces that gives out at least 3,000 degrees Celsius capable of melting scrap metals. The molten metal will then be poured into a mold designed for the product aiming to be produced. For the finishing stage, the proper shape of the metal object is obtained by sanding or grinding.


The facilities found in a foundry that are essential to perform its many processes include mold-building stations, storage and cooling areas, bucket conveyor systems for transferring hot molten metals as well as several furnaces in order to produce different metals in a foundry. The way foundries are designed will be based on the owner’s preference but the machineries are either purchased from the manufacturer of metal-forging equipment or a construction company is hired to build the machine on the facility.


The process that undergoes in foundries is complicated yet an interesting one. It would be fascinating to see how a small toy car and the parts of our favorite luxury vehicles are formed through die casting. The whereabouts of foundries and how the factory looks are not something that is exposed to people probably because of their unsafe environment. This could also be the reason why despite being around for a long time, the foundry industry is unknown to many. If you want to visit foundries, you will need to figure out yourself where they are located and ask for permission whether you will be allowed to enter the premise as it could pose danger to the visitor.

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