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Methods of Fireproofing

7/11/2012 1:04:51 PM | by Anonymous


Every year, thousands of people die due to domestic and industrial fires that break out in homes or factories. Fires cause major damages to property and life and are the number one constant threat all over the world. This threat can be reduced by implementing the right measures against fires; for example fireproofing. This solution is ideal as it reduces the risk of life or property loss by providing protection against fires and making the building or structure fire retardant and giving the structure the capability to withstand high temperatures. So what exactly is fire proofing? It is passive fire protection measure that aims to make materials or structure more resistant to fire or using such materials in the construction of structures. This application of fireproof materials or application of different methods for protection against fire gives the structure a fire-resistance rating. However, fireproof does not always mean that a structure or material can never be burnt. Instead it simply means that a structure would have certain amount of resistance against fires. Depending on the intensity and duration of a fire, a fireproof material would aid in protection for a certain amount of time.


Fireproofing can be done for many different types of materials, ranging from huge structural components to regular clothing. Many fireproofing methods used in construction work independently without being dependant on one another. This reduces the risk of a structure failing if one component fails. For example, the steel structures that enforce a structure would give way when the temperatures reach very high. However, if one side gives way, the entire structure would not fall apart, thus reducing risk to life and property. There are several ways used in the industry as methods of fireproofing.


Fireproofing of Textiles

Fireproofing can be carried out for textiles that are intended to be used for both outdoors and indoors. The purpose for fireproofing textiles is to increase their resistance against flames. They provide a period of mercy time for people to evacuate before a more serious and bigger fire breaks out. Textiles for indoor use provide fireproofing after having been soaked in fire-retardant solutions of boric acid and borax whereas outdoor textiles are soaked in chlorinated paraffin, chlorinated synthetic resins, or chlorinated rubber. How resistive a textile is depends on the amount of solution that remains on the textile after it has dried. Aside from being soaked, they can also be brushed. Latex can be added over the solution to prevent the chemical solutions to leach off due to rain or washing.


Spray Fireproofing

Although there is no fireproofing method that can totally prevent a structure or material against fire, spray fireproofing is often referred due to the advantages that it offers. This method is used for coating different types of materials such as pipes or metal structures as it’s easy to implement. A chemical solution is simply sprayed over the item intended to be insulated and it dries up almost immediately.


Paint Fireproofing

Paint fireproofing, as the name would suggest, is applying fireproof substances over paint surfaces. They can be fireproof coating, intimescent paint or fire retardants that can be applied over the paint surface by brushes or sprays. These give the paint a higher level of resistance against fire thus delaying damages to property and allowing for escape time for people in an event of a fire. User should always pay attention to the UL ratings of the paint fireproofing to aid in purchasing the right item.


Alternative Methods

Aside from these methods, materials that are naturally fire resistant can be used as a method of fire proofing. These include gypsum plasters, fibrous plasters and cementitious plasters. Users should always consult a fireproofing expert on the methods that he or she can implement in their home, office or factory to resist against fires as not all methods may be ideal for all different types of locations.

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