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History of Tyres

4/30/2012 10:30:45 AM | by Anonymous


Tyres are one of the most important features on any vehicle today. Without the invention of tyres, traveling would not have been the same. Before their invention, wooden wheels without any covering over them were used. Though the vehicles of that time allowed for movement, it was not as smooth as it is today. Also moving through uneven surfaces was very difficult. The first form of tyres to be invented was bands of iron which were placed on the carts and wagons. They only provided a form of protection for the wooden wheels. With the invention of rubber in the mid 1800s, rubber tyres came about. These tyres were only made of rubber and meant to smoothen traveling.


In 1845, pneumatic tyres that made use of tubes filled with air placed inside a rubber tyre appeared. However, these tyres were not well accepted by the public and therefore failed to gain popularity. It was a few decades later that these pneumatic tyres were reinvented but again failed to gain popularity. Only when a cyclist who was using pneumatic tyres won a race did the public notice these tyres. In 1895, many manufacturers began producing these tyres and thus the era of pneumatic tyres began.


Followed by the invention of the pneumatic tyres were the steel-belted radial tyres which were invented in 1948. These pneumatic tyres were designed to have an extended life span thanks to ply cords which radiate from a 90 degree angle from the wheel rim. These tyres also had lesser rolling resistance increasing the mileage of vehicles. The only setback of these tyres was that they required a different type of suspension system on vehicles of that time.


However, vehicles were redesigned to adapt to this new generation of tyres. Today, there are over 400 tyre factories in the world that produce over 1 billion tyres annually.

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