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Guidelines and More Information about Marine Equipments and Supplies

7/22/2015 12:37:34 PM | by Ms. RD

Marine Equipment & Supplies

There are different types of marine equipments and supplies which are used in wide range of applications; one of these is the safety marine equipments that secure human and aquatic life.

These safety equipments for marine application establish safe and good working order that secure people’s protection on water whenever there is an emergency and unnecessary event.

Here are the basic marine safety equipments which are needed in shipyard, vessel, yacht, ship and many more.
• Dry chemical powder extinguisher
• Large capacity bucket with lanyard – the shape of the bucket must be suitable with the shape of the hull, the lanyard must be attached and have the size appropriate for the vessel.
• Lifebuoy – if the vessel has more than 8m size but not equal to 12m it is required to have lifebuoy for safety and emergency purposes.
• Waterproof buoyant torch – for light emergency purposes
• Bilge pumping system – used for removing bilge water
• Bailer – used for bailing out water out from the ship

It is also a requirement to have navigational equipment in a ship or vessel to assure correct pathways and directions. Here are some of marine navigational equipments:
• Compass – for finding the right direction
• Radar – used for determining distance
• APRA ( Automatic Radar Plotting Aid) displays the current position or location of the ship as well as the nearby ships
• Echo sounder – device used for determining the depth of the water
• GPS Receiver (Global Positioning System Receiver) – shows the location of the ship with the use of the global positioning satellite.

There are millions of marine equipments and supplies distributor, manufacturer and supplier in the market. To identify which has the best quality for such equipment, the Marine Equipment Directive (MED) has guidelines.

The Marine Equipment Directive (MED) assures that the equipment complies with four (4) International Conventions that is developed by IMO – International Maritime Organization:
• LOADLINE 1966 – implemented for governing freeboard of the ship by damage and subdivision stability calculations to avoid excessive stress on the ship’s hull
• SOLAS 74 ( Safety of Life at Sea 74) - for Navigation Equipment, Radio Equipment and life saving appliances
• MARPOL 1973 – principle for preventing pollutions by ships from accidental or operational causes
• COLREGS 1972 – regulation that prevents collision at sea

Marine Equipment Directive 96/98EEC differentiates modules depending on its applications: Module D, Module E, Module D and E assessments, Module F, Module G – Unit verification and affixing the mark of conformity.

Modules of Marine Equipment Directive 96/98EEC
• Module D (Production Quality Assurance) – requires a detailed documented procedure known as operational QS that ensures the products are equally manufactured with its reference.
• Module E (Product Quality Assurance) – ideal for average production volumes and helps to identify if the system is incapable of producing and meeting various demands and requirements. This module also requires QS documented procedure for the assurance that all marine equipments and supplies are manufactured well with accordance to its benchmark standard prototype.
• Module D and E assessment – provides initial assessment of the manufacturers QS and provides a report that indicates if there are any necessary omission procedures which is needed to be implemented with regards to MED requirements.
• Module F (Product verification) – applicable on process which has small batch production volume. This module doesn’t require any quality systems; either by testing, examining or statistical methods is applicable.
• Module G (Unit Verification) – requires testing for individual equipment followed by production test needed for the product according to standards.
• Affixing the Mark of Conformity – a sign states the marine equipment complies with SOLAS or any other convention requirements.

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