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Types of Broadcasting Equipment

9/30/2013 12:43:32 PM | by Anonymous

Broadcasting Equipment

Broadcasting equipment transforms the digital video acquisition chain into an agile workflow of news gathering. These offer a portable and highly robust uplink system for the SD or HD quality coverage of breaking local news and open multiple opportunities for new types of reporting such as traffic and live weather reports. The single camera operator or reporter will outfit with a video camera and a broadcast equipment backpack that can be dispatched to perimeter areas by an unfolding story to interview the eyewitnesses and passersby, covering other emerging sub-plots and or provide live beauty shots. The integrated equipment backpack can be used inside the broadcast and production trucks for big events. An example is giving teams the flexibility to use cost effective cellular technology and digital satellite news gathering only when it is necessary.


This kind of equipment is required for a production depends solely on the scale and the professional level of a production as video production occurs on many different levels. For example, if the company wants to produce a video for web-viewing or home on a user generated website. It will require a different set of equipment to produce a video for an independent film or television broadcast. Some of the broadcast equipment are video camera, professional audio equipment and pan-tilt zoom camera.


Video Camera

The video camera is used for electronic motion picture acquisition and is initially developed by the television industry but now is commonly used in other applications as well. They are used primarily in two modes and the first characteristic of early broadcasting is live television where the camera is feed with real time images directly to a screen for immediate observation. These days most live connections are for security, tactical/military and industrial operations for remote viewing. The second quality of images is recorded to a storage device for further processing or archiving such as videotape. It was the only primary format used for this purpose many years ago. But now flash memory, optical disc media and other storage devices are increasingly used for recording video in television, film production or surveillance for monitoring tasks where unattended recording of a situation is required for later analysis.


Pan-Tilt-Zoom Camera (PTZ)

A pan-tilt-zoom camera controls professional video cameras in television studios and is referred to as camera robotics. This is a camera that is capable of zoom control and remote directional. These systems can be remotely controlled by the automation systems and are generally sold separately without the cameras. Some other types of cameras are ePTZ where a mega pixel camera zooms into portions of the image and the fixed camera remains in one position and does not move. The most common type of PTZ is the surveillance cameras as they are often connected to a DVR to control the movement and record the video.


Professional Audio Equipment

The professional audio equipment refers to an activity and a type of boardcasting equipment. They reproduced the sound or encompass the production for an audience by the individuals who do such work. For example, like live event support using the sound reinforcement systems designed for this purpose. The purposes of professional audio equipment are for balancing the sound from multi-track recording devices using a mix console, capturing of sound with one or more microphones, ability to control of audio levels using the standardized types of metering and using sound signals to pass through lengthy signal chains that involves processes at different times and place. These can include professional audio that is not limited to audio mastering in recording studio, broadcast radio, sound reinforcement and television.

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